The survey asked the question “When it comes to right and wrong, which of the following if any, do you most look to for guidance?" The pie chart to the left breaks down the responses. Personally, I would have answered my moral sense, but also admit that my sense is guided by philosophy and reason. I doubt I could choose more than one answer, but I'm difficult like that.
I also enjoyed Open Parachute's post talking about the book The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. Both the author of the book and the author of the blog are clearly more versed with this stuff than I. I may need to revisit Morality Week after I'm more well read.
I've also read the consensus statement signed by several scholars (list below) which came from a conference titled "The New Science of Morality." Personally, I don't know anything about which areas of the brain are responsible for morality, but otherwise I'd sign it too.
- Morality is a natural phenomenon and a cultural phenomenon
- Many of the psychological building blocks of morality are innate
- Moral judgments are often made intuitively, with little deliberation or conscious weighing of evidence and alternatives
- Conscious moral reasoning plays multiple roles in our moral lives
- Moral judgments and values are often at odds with actual behavior
- Many areas of the brain are recruited for moral cognition, yet there is no "moral center" in the brain
- Morality varies across individuals and cultures
- Moral systems support human flourishing, to varying degrees